art supplies - painting dictionary
Some items you may need for your painting projects.
brushes - painting Dictionary
The different painting medias use different brushes.
Don't use the same brushes for watercolor, acrylic and oil painting.
You will run into cleaning problems because oil does not mix with water.
Artist Paint Brushes
oil painting brushes
Brushes for oil painting can be either stiff or soft.
The traditional hog bristle brushes are stiffer. They produce a painterly effect that is good for landscape painting.
Animal hair brushes, like sable and synthetic brushes are softer. They are good for smoother work like portrait painting.
Watercolor brushes are softer. They may be made out of sable or soft synthetic fibers.
Watercolor artists use a variety of round and flats brushes.
Acrylic brushes seem to be any or all of the above. I think it is just a marketing ploy to name another type of brush.
I am however using an acrylic brush for my current 'oil paintings'. The Galeria brush by Winsor Newton allows more detail painting and it seems to wear better than the hog bristle brushes.
rounds, flats, filberts and brights
Round brushes have their bristles inserted into the metal ferrule in a round arrangement.
Rigger and script liner brushes are rounds with extra long bristles that make flexible, fine lines such as tree branches.
The bristles are arranged in a flat manner for flats, filberts and brights. Flats are have longer bristles. Brights have short bristles. Flats and brights leave brush strokes when painting.
Filbert brushes have rounded corners and leave a softer stroke without edges.
The palette is the place to lay out your paints with space for mixing colors.
Oil painters use a wood, glass or disposable paper palette.
Watercolor artists use ceramic, plastic or disposable plates.
Acrylic artists often use a disposable paper palette over a moisture retaining base.
Many artist place their palette into a covered container between painting sessions to keep the paint moist.
Artist Paint On A Palette
photo by Daian Gan
paint - painting dictionary
All paints are made with the same color pigments. The vehicle used to carry the pigments give the paints their names.
Professional paints have more pigment in them. They cover better and have more brilliant color than the student paints.
The pigments of acrylic paints are suspended in acrylic polymer. They dry very fast. There are acrylic mediums available to extend their painting time.
Alkyd paint uses the same paint pigments as any other types of paint. It has the pigment suspended in alkyd resin. It drys much faster than traditional oil paints. It will dry overnight or sooner depending on the temperature.
I have been using alkyd paints in place of oil paints for many years.
The pigments of oil paints are suspended in linseed oil. They take longer to dry, sometimes a week to months for complete drying. Also the colors dry faster and others dry slower.
Watercolor paints have their pigments suspended in gum arabic. They are water soluble.
Liquid frisket is a rubbery type substance that can be applied to your watercolor support. It takes about an hour to dry.
When watercolor paint is applied, the paint does not penetrate the areas covered with frisket.
After the watercolor paint is dry, remove the frisket with a rubber cement pick-up tool or your fingers.
supports - painting dictionary
Canvas is the traditional support for oil or acrylic painting. There are also, watercolor canvases available now-a-days.
The linen or cotton canvas may be stretched around a wooden frame. Stretched canvas paintings last for years.
Canvas boards have the canvas attached to a hard paper support. These are good for practice and student paintings, but they tend to warp with age.
There are a number of hardwood and pressed wood panels available. They take up less space in storage. They do however lack the spring of painting on a stretched canvas.
Why I use art panels for my watercolor paintings.
paper - painting dictionary
Watercolor paper is normally made out of cotton. It is sized with rabbit glue to prevent the paint from soaking down into the paper.
There are different weights. 140# paper is common in tablets. It will buckle from a lot of water, so it will need to be stretched. 300# paper is heavier, it resists buckling and it does not need stretching.
Drawing papers are normally made from wood pulp. Water will make them fall apart. But they are great for drawing.
Newsprint is just like it sounds. It is recycled from newspapers. Use it for sketching out ideas and student work.
Graphite paper has graphite on the backside. It can be used for transferring your drawing to the painting support.
Carbon paper is not suitable for transfering drawings. It will not erase well. It can show thru in your final painting.