what are values in painting?
It is the variation of the light and darkness of colors. Some colors are lighter. Some colors are darker and many fall in between.
Someone devised a scale with nine parts. White is on one end and black is on the other end of the scale. Variations of gray fall in between the white and black.
using values of your painting
I like to divide a painting into about three different parts, foreground, middle ground, and background.
When you are planning your paintings, concentrate on getting three different tones into the painting.
Good composition says to vary the size of the elements of your painting. Repetition is boring,
so make each part a different size.
will also be a different tone; light, medium or dark.
The dark elephant is the
largest. The light background is the medium size. The foreground with
the medium tones is the smallest area.
The Elements Are Different Sizes
learning to see
What if our paintings were all the same tone? They would look very flat. Without a difference between lights and darks, we could not see any of forms in a painting.
In order to see the lights and darks, squint your eyes and look. All the
details will disappear and you will see only the light and dark tones.
We ladies don't need any squint lines, so we just lower our eyelids.
Look at the left image. Do you see the lights and darks? You may see it better in the gray-scale image.
Squint your eyes and look.
Did you see this?
Lower your eyelids and look at the things around your room. Notice the
light and darkness of different things in your room. Train your eyes to
see the light and darkness of the things around you.
Look when you are going down the road - as a passenger of course. Things will suddenly become more alive as you.
Duplicate what you see into your paintings. It is lots of fun.