more tips for easy composition
After you position the main subjects of your painting, you are well on your way to an exciting painting. When you use variety in elements of the painting, keep a few other things in mind.
avoid geometric shapes
Shy away from using definite geometric shapes like a square, circle or triangle. They are too static and unartistic.
But what if you have a building that is rectangular, a mountain that is shaped like a triangle or a lake that is a circle?
Use your artistic license and change them. Move the view of the building to change its shape. Or camouflage it with foliage or shadows, etc. Put whoop-Dee-dos in the mountain to change its shape. Make a meandering shoreline that is not a perfect circle.
use odd numbers
Odd numbers such as three, five or seven are more pleasing to the eye. For some reason even numbers such as two, four or six are more stagnant and unexciting to the eye.
So no matter if it is trees, rocks or apples - use odd numbers - that's easy composition.
Things look better in groups or near other items. Maybe it is because most of us are more comfortable in families. That's just nature.
Single items are great for the focal area. But in other areas of the painting, grouped items are more comfortable to the viewer.
If items are touching each other, overlap them. Don't have them just barely touching, that's a tangent. Artists call them kissing.
Avoid objects kissing each other or kissing the side of the canvas. Overlap them somewhat and it will be more comfortable for the viewer.
watch your lines
Don't line up anything line up parallel with the edges of the painting.
Don't have a line going directly out the side of the painting, especially out of the corners. It will lead the viewer's eye right out of the painting.
What about the horizon? Break the horizon line somehow, like with a bird, a tree, a mountain or something to keep the eye in the painting.
In this painting the lighthouse tilts slightly to the center of the painting. The top of the lighthouse is subdued, so it doesn't lead the viewer's eye out of the painting.
Lines Are An Important Part Of Composition
Neither the lighthouse nor the horizon are on the center lines of the
painting. The horizon on the right side of the canvas has less value
contrast and the edges are softened to keep the viewer's eye in the
how to place people or animals
For easy composition place people or animals facing into the painting. Give them plenty of
space in front of their face to look into the painting.
have them looking out the side of the painting. Their line-of-sight
will carry the viewer's eye right out of the painting.