values and aerial perspective
In nature things get lighter in the distance. This is called aerial perspective.
Particles in the air reflect light, thus making the distant objects appear lighter. On a very clear day you can see farther because there are fewer particles in the air.
Aerial perspective affects the values of colors.
In the painting above aerial perspective is doing its job. The mountains in the background appear much lighter than the foreground landscape.
Artists can duplicate aerial perspective by adjusting the values. The values get lighter in the distance.
We adjust the light and dark values from the front to the back of our paintings. Aerial perspective also causes colors to get cooler in the distance, more blue with less yellow.
Use values when Painting a Landscape.
the value of colors
Different colors reflect or absorb more or less light. Yellow reflects more light than any other color. The light bounces back off the color into
our eyes. This makes yellow look lighter to us.
Purple or violet is the darkest color. It adsorbs most of the light rays. Very
little light bounces back to our eyes. So purple looks very dark to
Painting artists need a good working knowledge of color.
There is no rule that says a person has to paint something its actual natural color. A painting will work if we use light against dark values.
Dolphins in nature are actually gray. Plain old gray is boring to me.
Color is a wonderful God gift. Artists have freedom in using colors, when the values are working. So I painted these dolphins pink and purple instead of gray.
The values are what made the painting work, regardless of what colors were used.
We don't have to paint natural colors.
Grey-scale shows the values in painting.
the best place to use values in painting
- The focal area is the place to use your lightest lights and your darkest dark values.
The strong contrast of lights and darks will automatically draw the eye to the area.
As much as I love color, a painting must have good contrast and a variety of values to be successful.
The high contrast between the bright, light wall of the back barn and the dark doorway draws in the viewers.
The contrast of the values in painting, saturated colors, soft and hard edges plus detail are all tools the artist can use to draw the viewer's eyes into the focal area.
Use highest contrast in the focal area.
See the contrast in the grey-scale.
values make great paintings - you can do it!