what types of hummingbirds do we see in the united states?
Photos, information and identification tips of the common types of hummingbirds in the United States.
Most hummingbird types visit here during the summer months and then fly south for the winter.
Anna's and Allen's Hummingbirds live all year on the west coast.
The well-known Ruby-throated Hummingbird lives all parts of the eastern United States during the warm months. They fly south to Mexico and Central America for the winter.
amazing Rufous Hummingbird (pictured below) migrates up to 2,000 miles
every year. What an amazing gift of God.
Identify the amazing hummingbirds
Image by Avia5
15 types of hummingbirds
Hummingbirds are the most amazing little birds. They bless us by coming to our flowers and feeders. We enjoy their beautiful colors and flying antics.
Hummingbirds true to their name are rufous (a rusty orange color). The male has
a bright orange-red gorget. His back, tail and sides are rufous color. They may
have some green flecks on their head and back.
female has rusty color on her sides and under her tail. She has small red to
green-gold spots on her throat.
Rufous Hummingbird is easy to identify because their rusty, rufous color is
lacking in most other types of hummingbirds.
can hear them talking with a loud chirp and chatter when they come to your
feeder. They are one of the noisy types of hummingbirds.
are fairly numerous from Alaska to Mexico and in between. They live from the
mountains to the lowlands. Some may winter on the gulf coast. A few have been
sighted farther east late in the season.
migration facts are amazing; Rufous migrate up to 2,000 miles.
The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is the most widespread hummingbird seen in the United States. They are common from east Texas to Florida and up the eastern states into south Canada.
Ruby-throated Hummingbird, male
The Ruby-throated Hummingbird gets its name from the male's throat. In the sunlight his throat glistens a gorgeous red.
The top of his head and back, shine green in the sunlight. When he is not in the sunlight his colors looks dark.
The top of his chest is white. And his belly is mostly buff colored.
The female Ruby-throated Hummingbird lacks the red throat. Hew throat is light colored and occasionally has a few specks of grey.
She has iridescent
green on the top of her head and back. Her belly is light colored and her dark tail is tipped with white.
See more information and photos of the Ruby-throated Hummingbirds.
Allen's Hummingbird is one of the
types of hummingbirds that are full-time residents in the United States. It
lives all year in California. It frequents the coastal foothills.
They look very similar to the Rufous
Hummingbird. But the Rufous has a rust colored back and the Allen's has a
metallic green back and head.
has rufous colored sides and a copper-red throat on the male. It has a dark
Anna’s Hummingbirds have a flared rose colored gorget, and the same color on his
head. This coloring distinguishes it from the Ruby-throated which has only a
red colored gorget with a green head.
is slightly larger than the Ruby-throat and has a bulkier looking body.
Anna's Hummingbird is a full-time resident in the United States. It is found on
the west coast of the United States from Canada to Mexico. In the winter it may
range across the southern edge of Arizona to west Texas.
lives in the lowland gardens and the mountains in the summer. In the winter it
moves to the deserts. It often nests in Oak Trees.
Anna’s is one of the types of
hummingbirds that like a perch on their feeders, so they can sit to eat.
Hummingbirds are the western counterpart of the Ruby-throated Hummingbird.
two types of hummingbirds are similar in appearance except instead of a
ruby-throat the males have a black chin and their throat is a beautiful violet.
tail is notched and their bill is slightly down curved. The top of their head,
back and sides are greenish.
females also have greenish backs and heads with white chins and under parts.
They may have fine specks on their throat. Other
than her down curved bill she looks very much like a female Ruby-throat. Her
wings are a little bit longer.
reside from western Montana and Texas to California, including New Mexico and
female builds her nest by herself in trees or large shrubs often in the fork of
small limbs. The nest is only about 1 ½” in diameter. She lays 2 eggs that
hatch in about 16 days.
the babies have feathers the mother will often build another nest within sight
of the first nest to raise a second set of babies.
a hard worker, she does it all by herself. But, it is great for keeping the
Hummingbirds are one of the largest type of hummingbirds in the United States.
It is around 5 inches, much larger than most of our other types of
other hummingbird types are in the 3 to 4 inch range.
male and female have two white stripes on their face. It has one eyebrow stripe
above the eye. And a smaller, whisker white stripe below the eye.
has a large blackish colored tail with white corner. The male has a blue
throat. Its belly is grey.
is seen in Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and sometimes Colorado.
Hummingbirds are seen in Arizona, New Mexico, western Texas, and Mexico.
is one of the types of hummingbirds that come into the United States through
hummers have dark bills, but the Broad-bill has a red bill with a dark tip.
male has a dark metallic green body, but in poor light it will look black. His throat is a beautiful blue.
female is green above with light gray under parts.
Broad-tailed Hummingbirds breed in the
United States from California to Wyoming and south to Arizona, New Mexico and
It is frequently seen in the Rocky
Mountains and it nests at high altitudes. Some stay the year round in southern
Arizona, Texas and some areas of the Gulf Coast.
It looks very similar to the
Ruby-throated Hummingbird, but they live in different parts of the country, so
there is no confusion.
Its crown and back are a dark
green. Its sides are greenish. Its broad tail is also greenish. The male has
a rose-red throat.
The female has cinnamon on her sides
and some spots on her throat.
The male's wings make a loud
trilling sound when he is flying; this sound is not heard in other types of
Hummingbirds are seen fairly often in south Texas. It commonalty nests in south Texas. A
few stay the winter in Texas.
head, back and upper chest is green. Its belly for which it was named is buff
have a red bill that is black on the end.
has a rufous colored, forked tail.
male and females look similar.
Hummingbirds are seen in sub-alpine forests, especially near streams of
southern Alberta and British Columbia.
are fairly numerous in British Columbia through Montana, Idaho, Washington,
Wyoming, Nevada or eastern California.
however are not seen in the coastal areas, except sometimes on the coast of
western Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico.
have a shorter bill than some other types of hummingbirds.
have long reddish purple feathers on their gorget which they are able to flare
out. Their white neck shows in between the long gorget feather.
Costa's Hummingbird has similar coloring to the violet throat of the
the blue-violet gorget of the Costa is flared and his head is the same violet
type of hummingbird is found in desert areas of Nevada, Arizona, and
prefer the dry desert areas and build their nests far from water. They
often build their nests in cacti and yuccas.
green violet-ear hummingbird
Green Violet-ear Hummingbird
Green Violet-ear Hummingbird is one of the types of hummingbirds that is seen
less frequently in the United States. It visits Texas and it has been seen in
male and females look similar. Their entire bodies are a beautiful iridescent
green, God's gifts of flying jewels.
has a purple-blue patch by its ear and a similar colored patch in the center of
has a bluish-green tail. Their bill is slightly down-curved.
is known to be aggressive and chases other hummingbirds.
Hummingbirds, along with the Blue-throated Hummingbird are the largest types of
hummingbirds in the United States.
Magnificent can get up to 5.35 inches. The Blue-throated can get up to 5.20
both have blue throats. However the Magnificent's throat is more blue-green. Its crown is purple
and mostly dark looking.
female has grayish underparts.
and female both have a bright white stripe behind their eye, a long bill and a
are seen fairly regularly in Arizona, New Mexico and Texas. They breed in these
areas. A few have been seen in Utah and Nevada at higher elevations. Some
overwinter in Arizona.
Hummingbirds are a less frequent visitor to the United States.
It lives in Mexico and South America, but sometimes comes to southern Arizona
and New Mexico and is seen breeding and nesting there. It is rarely seen in west
red bill has a black tip.
male and female have a white stripe behind the eye.
male has purplish on its head and chin and a green gorget. The female has
greenish spots on her throat.
Hummingbirds visit and breed in Arizona and New Mexico. They favor sycamore
trees and canyons at low to middle elevations. They often nest near water.
few have been seen in Southern California. And some have overwintered in
male and females look very similar. They have a red bill with a black tip.
have a striking white throat and a light colored belly. The top of their head
is a violet-blue.
Flowers for the hummingbirds will bring the hungry hummers to your garden. Red is their favorite color.
are sure to see at least one of these types of hummingbirds where you live. Feed
the hungry hummers and you will have this beautiful gift of God coming to your