learn to identify hummingbirds
photos and info of 15 hummers
What hummingbird is seen most often in the United States?
The most well-known of all types of hummingbirds is the Ruby-throated Hummingbird. It populates the entire eastern half of the United States during the warm
months of the year.
male Ruby-throated, as his name implies has a ruby-red throat, gorget. The
top of his head, back and sides are greenish. His underside is whitish. His
dark tail is deeply notched in the center.
female’s dark tail is not notched, but it has white on the ends of the outside
corners. Her throat and under parts are whitish. The top of her head and back
are greenish. There may be fine spots on her throat.
males resemble the females.
female Ruby-throated builds her nest 10’ to 20’ off the ground, under a branch
and over an open area or water.
lays two eggs about the size of a navy bean. She incubates the eggs for 14 to
16 days before the tiny birds hatch.
She feeds the baby hummers regurgitated nectar and bugs for about 21
days before the babies fledge.
can tell the babies at the feeder by their fluffy white bottoms. They don’t
have to have bottom feathers to fly, so that is one of the last areas to grow
the fall, August to September depending on exactly where they live, the adults
head south for the winter.
The juveniles hang back and eat and then head south
weeks after the older hummingbirds have already left.
in the spring March to April, they all fly back to the same area they left in
the fall. They remember where the feeders and flowers were from last
tiny bird, just over 3 inches big, flies 500-600 miles south to Mexico or
Central America for the winter. Then in the spring they fly the long way back
to the area where they were hatched.
These tiny jewels certainly are one of God’s
amazing gifts. What other types of hummers do we see here?
other types of hummingbirds seen the uS
Allen's Hummingbird is one of the
types of hummingbirds that are full-time residents in the United States. It
lives all year in California. It frequents the coastal foothills.
They look very similar to the Rufous
Hummingbird. But the Rufous has a rust colored back and the Allen's has a
metallic green back and head.
has rufous colored sides and a copper-red throat on the male. It has a dark
Anna’s Hummingbirds have a flared rose colored gorget, and the same color on his
head. This coloring distinguishes it from the Ruby-throated which has only a
red colored gorget with a green head.
is slightly larger than the Ruby-throat and has a bulkier looking body.
Anna's Hummingbird is a full-time resident in the United States. It is found on
the west coast of the United States from Canada to Mexico. In the winter it may
range across the southern edge of Arizona to west Texas.
lives in the lowland gardens and the mountains in the summer. In the winter it
moves to the deserts. It often nests in Oak Trees.
Anna’s is one of the types of
hummingbirds that like a perch on their feeders, so they can sit to eat.
Hummingbirds are the western counterpart of the Ruby-throated Hummingbird.
two types of hummingbirds are similar in appearance except instead of a
ruby-throat the males have a black chin and their throat is a beautiful violet.
tail is notched and their bill is slightly down curved. The top of their head,
back and sides are greenish.
females also have greenish backs and heads with white chins and under parts.
They may have fine specks on their throat. Other
than her down curved bill she looks very much like a female Ruby-throat. Her
wings are a little bit longer.
reside from western Montana and Texas to California, including New Mexico and
female builds her nest by herself in trees or large shrubs often in the fork of
small limbs. The nest is only about 1 ½” in diameter. She lays 2 eggs that
hatch in about 16 days.
the babies have feathers the mother will often build another nest within sight
of the first nest to raise a second set of babies.
a hard worker, she does it all by herself. But, it is great for keeping the
Hummingbirds are one of the largest type of hummingbirds in the United States.
It is around 5 inches, much larger than most of our other types of
other hummingbird types are in the 3 to 4 inch range.
male and female have two white stripes on their face. It has one eyebrow stripe
above the eye. And a smaller, whisker white stripe below the eye.
has a large blackish colored tail with white corner. The male has a blue
throat. It's belly is grey.
is seen in Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and sometimes Colorado.
Hummingbirds are seen in Arizona, New Mexico, western Texas, and Mexico.
is one of the types of hummingbirds that come into the United States through
hummers have dark bills, but the Broad-bill has a red bill with a dark tip.
male has a dark metallic green body, but in poor light it will look black. His throat is a beautiful blue.
female is green above with light gray under parts.
You can paint this hummingbird.
Broad-tailed Hummingbirds breed in the
United States from California to Wyoming and south to Arizona, New Mexico and
It is frequently seen in the Rocky
Mountains and it nests at high altitudes. Some stay the year round in southern
Arizona, Texas and some areas of the Gulf Coast.
It's crown and back are a dark
green. Its sides are greenish. Its broad tail is also greenish. The male has
a rose-red throat.
The female has cinnamon on her sides
and some spots on her throat.
It looks very similar to the
Ruby-throated Hummingbird, but they live in different parts of the country, so
there is no confusion.
The male's wings make a loud
trilling sound when he is flying; this sound is not heard in other types of
Hummingbirds are seen fairly often in south Texas.
few stay the winter in Texas.
have a red bill that is black on the end.
head, back and upper chest is green. Its belly for which it was named is buff
has a rufous colored, forked tail.
male and females look similar.
Hummingbirds are seen in sub-alpine forests, especially near streams of
southern Alberta and British Columbia.
are fairly numerous in British Columbia through Montana, Idaho, Washington,
Wyoming, Nevada or eastern California.
however are not seen in the coastal areas, except sometimes on the coast of
western Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico.
have a shorter bill than some other types of hummingbirds.
have long reddish purple feathers on their gorget which they are able to flare
out. Their white neck shows in between the long gorget feather.
Costa's Hummingbird has similar coloring to the violet throat of the
the blue-violet gorget of the Costa is flared and his head is the same violet
type of hummingbird is found in desert areas of Nevada, Arizona, and
prefer the dry desert areas and build their nests far from water.
often build their nests in cacti and yuccas.
green violet-ear hummingbird
Green Violet-ear Hummingbird
Green Violet-ear Hummingbird is one of the types of hummingbirds that is seen
less frequently in the United States. It visits Texas and it has been seen in
male and females look similar. Their entire bodies are a beautiful iridescent
green, God's gifts of flying jewels.
has a purple-blue patch by its ear and a similar colored patch in the center of
has a bluish-green tail.
is known to be aggressive and chases other hummingbirds.
Hummingbirds, along with the Blue-throated Hummingbird are the largest types of
hummingbirds in the United States.
Magnificent can get up to 5.35 inches. The Blue-throated can get up to 5.20
both have blue throats. The Magnificent has a blue-green throat and a purple
crown and is mostly dark looking.
female has grayish underparts.
and female both have a bright white stripe behind their eye, a long bill and a
are seen fairly regularly in Arizona, New Mexico and Texas. They breed in these
areas. A few have been seen in Utah and Nevada at higher elevations. Some
overwinter in Arizona.
Hummingbirds true to their name are rufous (a rusty orange color). The male has
a bright orange-red gorget. His back, tail and sides are rufous color. They may
have some green flecks on their head and back.
female has rusty color on her sides and under her tail. She has small red to
green-gold spots on her throat.
Rufous Hummingbird is easy to identify because their rusty, rufous color is
lacking in most other types of hummingbirds.
can hear them talking with a loud chirp and chatter when they come to your
feeder. They are one of the noisy types of hummingbirds.
are fairly numerous from Alaska to Mexico and in between. They live from the
mountains to the lowlands. Some may winter on the gulf coast. A few have been
sighted farther east late in the season.
migration facts are amazing; Rufous migrate up to 2,000 miles.
Hummingbirds are a less frequent visitor to the United States.
It lives in Mexico and South America, but sometimes comes to southern Arizona
and New Mexico and is seen breeding there. It is rarely seen in west
red bill has a black tip.
male and female have a white stripe behind the eye.
male has purplish on its head and chin and a green gorget. The female has
greenish spots on her throat.
Painting of a male
Hummingbirds visit and breed in Arizona and New Mexico. They favor sycamore
trees and canyons at low to middle elevations. They often nest near water.
few have been seen in Southern California. And some have overwintered in
male and females look very similar. They have a red bill with a black tip.
have a striking white throat and a light colored belly. The top of their head
is a violet-blue.
Ruby-throat and Daylily
Plant some flowers for the hummingbirds.
Red is their favorite color.
are sure to see at least one of these types of hummingbirds where you live.
the hungry hummers and you will have this beautiful gift of God coming to your